Useless Science

Please login or register.

Login with username, password and session length
Advanced search  
Pages: 1   Go Down

Author Topic: The Nixie in the Pond  (Read 4906 times)

Matt Koeske

  • Management
  • *
  • Gender: Male
  • Posts: 1171
    • Useless Science
The Nixie in the Pond
« on: July 26, 2007, 11:21:22 AM »

The Nixie in the Pond
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

Once upon a time there was a miller. He lived contentedly with his wife. They had money and land, and their prosperity increased from year to year. But misfortune comes overnight. Just as their wealth had increased, so did it decrease from year to year, until finally the miller scarcely owned even the mill where he lived. He was in great distress, and when he lay down after a day's work, he found no rest, but tossed and turned in his bed, filled with worries.

One morning he got up before daybreak and went outside, thinking that the fresh air would lighten his heart. As he was walking across the mill dam, the first sunbeam was just appearing, and he heard something rippling in the pond.

Turning around, he saw a beautiful woman rising slowly out of the water. Her long hair, which she was holding above her shoulders with her soft hands, flowed down on both sides, and covered her white body. He saw very well that she was the nixie of the pond, and he was so frightened that he did not know whether to run away or stay where he was. But the nixie, speaking with a soft voice, called him by name and asked him why he was so sad.

At first the miller was speechless, but when he heard her speak so kindly, he took heart and told her how he had lived with good fortune and wealth, but that now he was so poor that he did not know what to do.

"Be at ease," answered the nixie. "I will make you richer and happier than you have ever been before. You must only promise to give me that which has just been born in your house."

"What else can that be," thought the miller, "but a young dog or a young cat," and he promised her what she demanded.

The nixie descended into the water again, and consoled and in good spirits he hurried back to his mill. He had not yet arrived there when the maid came out of the front door and called out to him that he should rejoice, for his wife had given birth to a little boy.

The miller stood there as though he had been struck by lightning. He saw very well that the cunning nixie had known this and had cheated him. With his head lowered he went to his wife's bed. When she said, "Why are you not happy with the beautiful boy?" he told her what had happened to him, and what kind of a promise he had given to the nixie.

"What good to me are good fortune and prosperity," he added, "if I am to lose my child? But what can I do?"

Even the relatives who had come to congratulate them did not have any advice for him.

In the meantime, good fortune returned to the miller's house. He succeeded in everything that he undertook. It was as though the trunks and strongboxes filled themselves of their own accord, and as though money in a chest multiplied overnight. Before long his wealth was greater than it had ever been before. However, it did not bring him happiness without concern, for his agreement with the nixie tormented his heart. Whenever he passed the pond he feared she might appear and demand payment of his debt.

He never allowed the boy himself to go near the water. "Beware!" he said to him. "If you touch the water a hand will appear, take hold of you, and pull you under."

However, year after year passed, and the nixie made no further appearance, so the miller began to feel at ease.

The boy grew up to be a young man and was apprenticed to a huntsman. When he had learned this trade and had become a skilled huntsman, the lord of the village took him into his service. In the village there lived a beautiful and faithful maiden whom the huntsman liked, and when his master noticed this, he gave him a little house. The two were married, lived peacefully and happily, and loved each other sincerely.

One day the huntsman was pursuing a deer. When the animal ran out of the woods and into an open field he followed it and finally brought it down with a single shot.

He did not notice that he was in the vicinity of the dangerous millpond, and after he had dressed out the deer, he went to the water in order to wash his blood-stained hands. However, he had scarcely dipped them into the water when the nixie emerged. Laughing, she wrapped her wet arms around him, then pulled him under so quickly that waves splashed over him.

When it was evening and the huntsman did not return home, his wife became frightened. She went out to look for him. He had often told her that he had to be on his guard against the nixie's snares, and that he did not dare to go near the millpond, so she already suspected what had happened. She hurried to the water, and when she found his hunting bag lying on the bank, she could no longer have any doubt of the misfortune. Crying and wringing her hands, she called her beloved by name, but to no avail. She hurried across to the other side of the millpond, and called him anew. She cursed the nixie with harsh words, but no answer followed. The surface of the water remained calm; only the moon's half face stared steadily back up at her.

The poor woman did not leave the pond. With fast strides, never stopping to rest, she walked around it again and again, sometimes in silence, sometimes crying out loudly, sometimes sobbing softly. Finally her strength gave out, and she sank down to the ground, falling into a heavy sleep. She was soon immersed in a dream.

    She was fearfully climbing upwards between large rocky cliffs. Thorns and briers were hacking at her feet. Rain was beating into her face. The wind was billowing her long hair about. When she reached the top a totally different sight presented itself to her. The sky was blue, a soft breeze was blowing, the ground sloped gently downwards, and in a green meadow, dotted with colorful flowers, stood a neat cottage. She walked up to it and opened the door. There sat an old woman with white hair, who beckoned to her kindly.

At that moment, the poor woman awoke. It was already daylight, and she decided at once to follow her dream. With difficulty she climbed the mountain, and everything was just as she had seen it during the night. The old woman received her kindly, showing her a chair where she was to sit.

"You must have met with misfortune," she said, "having sought out my lonely cottage."

The woman related with tears what had happened to her.

"Be comforted," said the old woman. "I will help you. Here is a golden comb for you. Wait until the full moon has risen, then go to the millpond, sit down on the bank and comb your long black hair with this comb. When you are finished set it down on the bank, and you will see what will happen."

The woman returned home, but the time passed slowly for her until the full moon came. Finally the shining disk appeared in the heaven, and she went out to the millpond, sat down, and combed her long black hair with the golden comb. When she was finished she set it down at the water's edge. Before long there came a motion from beneath the water. A wave arose, rolled onto the bank, and carried the comb away with it. In not more time than it took for the comb to sink to the bottom, the surface of the water parted, and the huntsman's head emerged. He said nothing, only looking at his wife with sorrowful glances. That same instant a second wave rushed up and covered her husband's head. Then everything vanished. The millpond lay as peaceful as before, with only the face of the full moon shining on it.

Filled with sorrow, the woman returned, but she saw the old woman's cottage in a dream.

The next morning she again set out and told her sorrows to the wise woman. The old woman gave her a golden flute, and said, "Wait until the full moon comes again, then take this flute. Sit on the bank and play a beautiful tune on it. When you are finished set it in the sand. Then you will see what will happen."

The woman did what the old woman had told her to do. No sooner was the flute lying in the sand than there was a motion from beneath the water, and a wave rushed up and carried the flute away with it. Immediately afterwards the water parted, and not only her husband's head, but half of his body emerged as well. He stretched out his arms longingly towards her, but a second wave rushed up, covered him, and pulled him down again.

"Oh, what does it help me," said the unhappy woman, "for me only to see my beloved and then to lose him again?"

Despair filled her heart anew, but a dream led her a third time to the old woman's house. She went there, and the wise woman gave her a golden spinning wheel, comforted her, and said, "Everything is not yet fulfilled. Wait until the full moon comes, then take the spinning wheel, sit on the bank, and spin the spool full. When you have done this place the spinning wheel at the water's edge, and you will see what will happen."

The woman did everything exactly as she had been told. As soon as the full moon appeared she carried the golden spinning wheel to the bank, and span diligently until she was out of flax, and the spool was completely filled with thread. She had scarcely placed the wheel on the bank when there was a more violent motion than before from the water's depth. Then a powerful wave rushed up and carried the wheel away with it.

Immediately the head and the whole body of her husband emerged in a waterspout. He quickly jumped to the bank, caught his wife by the hand, and fled. They had gone only a little distance when the entire millpond arose with a terrible roar, then with terrible force streamed out across the countryside. The fugitives saw death before their eyes, when the wife in her terror called out for the old woman to help them, and they were instantly transformed, she into a toad, he into a frog.

The flood which had overtaken them could not destroy them, but it separated them and carried them far away. When the water receded and they both reached dry land again, their human forms returned again, but neither knew where the other one was. They found themselves among strange people who did not know their native land. High mountains and deep valleys lay between them. In order to earn a living, they both had to herd sheep. For long years they drove their flocks through fields and woods, and were filled with sorrow and longing.

One day when spring had once again broken forth on the earth, they both went out with their flocks, and as chance would have it, they moved toward one another. He saw a herd on a distant mountainside and drove his sheep toward it. They met in a valley but did not recognize one another, but they were happy that they were no longer so alone. From then on every day they drove their flocks next to each other. They did not speak much, but they did feel comforted.

One evening when the full moon was shining in the sky, and the sheep were already at rest, the shepherd took his flute out of his pocket and played on it a beautiful but sorrowful tune. When he had finished he saw that the shepherdess was crying bitterly.

"Why are you crying? he asked.

"Oh," she answered, " the full moon was shining like this when I played that tune on the flute for the last time, and my beloved's head emerged out of the water."

He looked at her, and it was as though a veil fell from his eyes. He recognized his beloved wife, and when she looked at him, with the moon shining on his face, she recognized him as well. They embraced and kissed one another, and no one needs to ask if they were happy.

Source: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, Die Die Nixe im Teich, Kinder- und Hausmärchen (Children's and Household Tales -- Grimms' Fairy Tales), 7th ed. (Berlin, 1857), no. 181.

The Grimms' source: Moriz Haupt, Zeitschrift für deutsches Alterthum, vol. 2 (1842).

Translated by D. L. Ashliman. © 2002.

Aarne-Thompson, type 316.

from D. L. Ashliman's folklore and mythology website
You can always come back, but you can’t come back all the way.

   [Bob Dylan,"Mississippi]


  • Known Members
  • *
  • Posts: 7
Re: The Nixie in the Pond
« Reply #1 on: May 02, 2013, 10:13:04 AM »

Below is the Interpretation I wrote about a month ago. I think I have a different opinion on this now after reading the animi work and considering it, and  I would love to hear your interpretation of this enigmatic fairy tale.

The 3 tasks
I am trying to show the following three things: 1) this tale is an analogy of a female ego confronting the shadow. 2) This is done in order to begin working through a father complex, and then to reconcile with the lost animus. 3) The trial also implicitly deals with the self.
The symbols:
The wise old woman: a psychopomp
The miller: father complex
Gold: the masculine principle
Black hair: darkness/shadow
White hair: purity
White body: repressed memories
Spinning wheel

The Interpretation:
The comb, a straight line, is about as far away as it gets. The flute, if observed looking straight down the wind tunnel, is circular, but of course this is far from preferable as the general shape of the flute, though it may have circular holes in it, is again a stick. (it is hard to miss the phallic symbol here). Finally we have the spinning wheel, a complete circle: the simplest mandala. Each new tool provided by the psychopomp is a better approximation of a circular shape. (as a side note, this may be the reason a full moon, a circle itself, was the chosen symbol here)This still falls short of perfection; a detail I think tells us that she still has a long way to go, but it's a good start. From this view it all hints at the self archetype which is a perfect representation of a differentiated psyche. Explicitly, the tools and their color give us an insight into the overall state of the maidens father complex.
Each tool the maiden uses is golden in color. The use of this masculine color symbolizes again the father complex. When she runs the golden comb through her hair, you see a joining together of the golden masculinity of the comb, through her hair, symbolizing her gaining insight into the masculine principle. The importance of the color of her hair being black is that it once again emphasizes that she must first confront the shadow in order to gain this insight. The other progression regarding these tools is a progression away from phallic symbols toward an image of self.
When the Nixie drags the animus into the unconscious, this symbolizes the stalled differentiation of the animus. Only once the ego confronts the shadow, and realizes the truth of the repressed father complex, does she reconcile with the animus. So here we have the common archetypal situation of the sabotage of the animus by the shadow. We can imagine the huntsman is banished into the unconscious because the maidens fragile conscious state cannot bear to be disturbed in any small way by the reminders of masculinity while the father complex is still unconscious. This is symbolized by the phallic rifle/arrow the huntsman must of course employ in order to obtain his quarry.
The flooding of the village by the mill pond indicates that because she has been so out of touch with her inner world, as symbolized in the beginning of the tale by great external wealth or an inflated persona as an effect of a negative father complex, the numinosity of the release of unconscious content leaves her dumbstruck, and for a time her ego is diminished (see:turned into a toad) by the force of it. But the flood also symbolizes a resolution between the unconscious and consciousness. Only since this really is a lot to deal with at once (reconciliation with the animus, admitting a father complex, and confronting the shadow all at once) we see it in the form of a flood instead of, say, rain.
The symbolism of hair color in this tale is the last clue I needed to come to my interpretation. Already discussed was the symbolism of the union of gold comb and black hair. The other two important symbols are the white haired wise old woman, and the white bodied, black haired Nixie. These are mainly internal symbols as the one illuminates the other with very little amplification. In the maidens dream we learn the psychopomp has white hair. To briefly amplify this symbol with regard to the rest of the tale, the white hair represents purity. So, the ego now knows that to regain that purity she must follow the psychopomps guidance. To take it a step further we need to note that the Nixies body is white, emphasizing that the ego has repressed some purity along with the father image, and in order to regain this she needs to accept the truth that the shadow holds. With this in mind, it is clear why the wise old woman brings just this circumstance about through her guidance.
In summary: A white haired psychopomp guides the ego to confront the shadow to deal with a father complex which is stalling the differentiation of the animus as well as twisting the maidens self image as impure.

Matt Koeske

  • Management
  • *
  • Gender: Male
  • Posts: 1171
    • Useless Science
Re: The Nixie in the Pond
« Reply #2 on: May 03, 2013, 02:44:02 PM »

Micah, in fact I did a long analysis of this story a few years ago.  It is couched in extensive preambles and contextualizations because I used it to differentiate my revised interpretive methods from more conventional (classical) Jungian one.  Canadian Jungian analyst John Betts, who has published Jungian podcasts and articles online and has led instructional Jungian workshops had a very solid, conventionally Jungian interpretation of the story, and I sort of picked on him to demonstrate how and why I make different analytical decisions.

The end result is a very long and meandering write up, but it doesn't lack depth, I suppose.  You can find it here:

You can always come back, but you can’t come back all the way.

   [Bob Dylan,"Mississippi]
Pages: 1   Go Up